Basic requirement for an effective cargo securing generally is first of all an adequate securing of the load unit.
The load securing and the components to be used for it depend on the respective statement of the problem. In doing so a combination of anti-slip mat, lashing strap and dunning bags is mostly a good approach to solution.
In the field of lashing strap there are multi-way ratchet systems, which are deployed on road traffic in particular and one-way lashing systems, which are used on ship traffic and railroad or for of securing containers and flats.
It is rigged either by direct lashing (diagonal lashing or by head lashing) or by tie-down lashing. With using direct lashing the load is directly held by the strength of the lashing strap. With using tie-down lashing the load is secured by increasing the pressure on the cargo area and thereby raising the friction.
One-way lashing straps are closed with buckles; the rigging takes place by manual or pneumatic tensioner. The handling of one-way lashing is very easy, however it is important, that the used components (strap / buckle / hook) are tuned on each other and also are suitable to the respective lashing possibilities (among others firmness of the anchor points). Also suitable tensioner must be used, which allow to raise the necessary pretension for optimum securing.